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Research Activities > Programs > Nonequilibrium Interface and Surface Dynamics 2007

Nonequilibrium Interface and Surface Dynamics:
Theory, Experiment and Simulation from Atomistic to Continuum Scales

April 23 - April 27, 2007

CSIC Building (#406), Seminar Room 4122.
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REGISTRATION IS CLOSED. Participants were requested to pre-register and confirmation of approved applicants were emailed on or before March 29.
Confirmed participants can access their record at


Due to the large number of applications, we regret that RSVP is now closed to new applicants.





Theodore L. Einstein University of Maryland
Robert Kohn New York University
Dionisios Margetis University of Maryland
Ellen Williams University of Maryland

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The scientific understanding of nonequilibrium surface and interface dynamics in crystalline materials has become increasingly important.

Technologically, nanoscale assemblies with highly ordered nanoscale building blocks such as quantum dots and nanowires have shown remarkable optical, electronic, magnetic, and mechanical properties that have a wide range of applications. However, such nanoscale building blocks must be fabricated on a surface or through an interface, and these processes are usually far from equilibrium. Scientifically, as sizes decrease, interfacial properties become crucial or even dominant. Furthermore, theories for surfaces and interfaces of bulk materials must be reworked for surfaces and interfaces in nanoscale systems.

Dynamical surface properties of crystals, such as fluctuations, nucleation, coarsening, and mass and charge transport, are often very complex. There exists no single theory or model that can predict all such properties. Experiments have provided observations and data that can guide and stimulate theoretical inquiries. Theories and simulation tools have to be developed to treat surface properties distinguished by multiple length and time scales. A considerable effort has been made in: (a) novel experimental techniques to probe surface properties at the nanoscale, and (b) analytical studies using approaches ranging from first-principles calculations and kinetic Monte Carlo simulations to coarse-grained continuum models. Theoretical descriptions at different scales must be reconciled, and their relation to experimental observations must be studied in detail.

The past few years have witnessed the important role of applied mathematics in research on surface dynamics. Contributions from applied mathematics include rigorous derivation of analytical models, multiscale analysis, model reduction, the design of numerical techniques for very large systems etc. It is clear that this trend will continue. Precise mathematical concepts, quantitative mathematical theories, and innovative simulation techniques should continue to be developed for interfacial and surface properties in complex systems.

At the same time experimental techniques become more advanced. The motion of small defects can now be monitored quite precisely. The role of such defects in the macroscopic evolution of surfaces and interfaces can be demonstrated in the laboratory setting.

This program will bring together leading physicists, materials scientists, computational scientists, and applied mathematicians to: review the recent developments in research on materials surfaces and interfaces, from experimental highlights to theory to simulation; identify critical scientific issues in the understanding of the fundamental principles and basic mechanisms of interface and surface dynamics in crystalline systems far from equilibrium; accelerate the interaction of applied mathematics with physics and materials science, and promote highly interdisciplinary research on new materials interface and surface problems with emerging novel applications; develop and foster international collaborations; and initiate the training of research task force for the grand challenge in nanoscience.

This is the second CSCAMM workshop on this topic, following our Fall 2003 meeting.

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This workshop will focus on basic properties of growing surface and evolving interface in nonequilibrium systems, in particular nanoscale systems on crystalline materials. Participants from statistical mechanics, surface physics, materials science, and applied mathematics communities will discuss new issues and experimental advances in the nonequilibrium interface dynamics, and the possible approaches to tackle the new problems.

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* crystal surface morphological evolution
* thermal fluctuations and correlations at the nanoscale
* stochastic modeling and analysis
* nonlinear interfacial and surface instabilities; pattern formation
* nucleation, kinetic roughening, and coarsening
* epitaxial growth and relaxation: simulations and novel numerical techniques
* thin films and epitaxial layers: properties and behavior under applied fields
* stress/elasticity effects
* novel nanoscale systems
* other related topics


Will be Posted

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Partial funding is provided by the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the University of Maryland.


A limited amount of funding for participants at all levels is available, especially for researchers in the early stages of their career who want to attend the full program.

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Sandia National Laboratories
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Northeastern University
New York University
State University of New York at Stony Brook
University of California, San Diego
University of Maryland
University of Maryland
University of Maryland
Universitť J. Fourier Grenoble
Blaise-Pascal Clermont-Ferrand
University of California, in Los Angles
Brown University
University of Michigan
University at Buffalo
Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research Osaka University
University of Maryland
Caesar Research Center
University of Glasgow
University of Maryland
University of Maryland
Oak Ridge National Lab
Universitšt Duisburg-Essen


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CSCAMM Visitor Guide: home.cscamm.umd.edu/visitors


Center for Scientific Computation And Mathematical Modeling (CSCAMM)
Computer Science Instructional Center (Building #406)
University of Maryland, College Park
College Park, MD 20742-3289


Web: /programs/nid07


NID07 Poster (PDF)


Photos available here.

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